Get all the details about Taj Mahal. Its engineering, architecture, significance and all the unknown realities and facts that is not known to many. (POINT WISE)


The Taj Mahal is synonymous to love and romance. The real meaning of Taj Mahal is “crown of palaces”. It is a mausoleum located in India, in the city of Agra on the south bank of the Yamuna river, built with the most expensive pieces of art from all around the globe.

All these things are well known to you, but there are some hidden truth’s, facts, figures, data & engineering elements that are unknown to most of you. so sit back relax and read the full article to know everything associated with “Taj Mahal”.

taj mahal engineerism


Commissioned by Mughal Empereror- “Shah Jahan” in the love for his second of the three wife’s – “Mumtaz” (a persian princess) who died while giving birth to their 14th child.

“Shah” loved “Mumtaz” so much that he decided to build Taj Mahal as a house of the tomb to his favourite wife. The major construction happened in between 1632 to 1643 and later on, took 10 more years to be finally completed in 1653. The entire construction cost was – 32 MILLION RUPEES @ that time. and at the present scenario, it is 60+ BILLION RUPEES (900 MILLION US DOLLARS).

The major construction happened in between 1632 to 1643 and later on, took 10 more years to be finally completed in 1653. The entire construction cost was – 32 MILLION RUPEES @ that time. and at the present scenario, it is 60+ BILLION RUPEES (900 MILLION US DOLLARS).

Taj Mahal is declared as the “world’s heritage site” by “UNESCO” as its a “Jewel of Muslim Art in India”, it’s a “Universally admired masterpiece” & is under “7 Wonders Of the World.

taj mahal engineerism


  • Total 20,000 artisans under the “board of architecture” headed by “Ahmad Lahauri“.
  • a mix of “Persian” & “early Mughal Architecture”
  • use of “White Marble” inlaid with “precious” & “semi-precious” stones.


  • It’s the central focus of the entire complex of Taj Mahal.
  • Large white marble structure standing on a square plinth, consisting of a symmetrical building with arch-shaped doorway topped by a large Dome.
  • elements used are Persian and it’s a large multi-chambered cube with chamfered corners forming an unequal eight-sided structure (55 metres each side)
  • design completely symmetrical on all sides and the graves of both “shah”& “Mumtaz” are at low levels.
taj mahal engineerism


  • Nearly 35 metres high.
  • often called as an onion dome due to its shape
  • slightly asymmetrical
  • there is a balcony on the top of the tower filled with decorative elements to enhance the beauty.
  • the minarets are constructed slightly outside the plinth so that when a collapse happens then material from the tower falls away from the tomb
taj mahal engineerism


  • with the change in surface area, the decorations get more refined proportionally.
  • all elements created by paint, stucco, stone inlays, carvings of lines of “Quran” & unique calligraphy.
  • use of gemstones, jail cut marble, sun motif, false interior ceiling, precious & semi-precious stones.
  • The garden is 300metres known as “Char-bagh” or “Mughal garden”
  • at the centre is a raised water tank called “tank of abundance”
  • inspired by Persian gardens and laid out of scientific trees & fountains.
  • bordered on 3 sides by red sandstone walls
  • the main gateway is a monumental structure built of marble & its archways in the shape of the tomb’s archway.
  • on other two ends are gaint red stand stone buildings in which the western one is the guest house
taj mahal engineerism


  • Despite of “Shah Jahan” being the emperor of the Mughal empire. the land on which the “Taj Mahal” is built didn’t even belonged to him.
  • He requested the land in exchange of a large land in centeral Agra from “Maharaja JAI SINGH” and for this he faced a lot of criticism.
  • Also, the foundation of the Taj Mahal is filled with “dirt” and archaeological survey of India team says that it was done to reduce seepage. tough it’s still a controversy.
  • Area of 1.7 hectares (3 acres) was excavated and filled with dirt and levelled @50 metres above the river bank.
  • In the tomb area, wells were dug and filled with stone and rubble masonry to form the footings for the tomb.
  • workers used brick scaffold instead of a bamboo scaffold and are said that it took more than a year to remove the brick scaffold but that is a complete lie.
  • The whole scaffolding was removed in less than a day as “Shah Jahan” said that anyone can take it for free and within a day it was removed off by the local people.
taj mahal engineerism


  • It is generally said that most of the elements were locally made but the fact is 60% of the elements were imported.
  • white marble from Rajasthan, jasper from Punjab, jade and crystal from China. The turquoise was from Tibet and the Lapis lazuli from Afghanistan, while the sapphire came from Sri Lanka and the carnelian from Arabia. In all, twenty-eight types of precious and semi-precious stones were inlaid into the white marble.
  • also its said that the people who were associated in building the marvellous structure had to cut off their thumb as a promise not to make a structure like that again which is completly false
  • instead they were made to sign an agreement not to do so.

Now the biggest truth is Taj Mahal is not the exact as it used to be. after the imprisoning of “Shah Jahan” by his own son, Taj Mahal faced several attacks and the two chandeliers, one of agate and another of silver, which were hung over the main cenotaph, were taken away by them, along with the gold and silver screen. Kanbo, a Mughal historian, said the gold shield which covered the 4.6-metre-high (15 ft) final at the top of the main dome was also removed during the Jat despoliation.

later on when britishers came to india they started exploiting the monument. the Taj Mahal was defaced by British soldiers and government officials, who chiselled out precious stones and lapis lazuli from its walls.

At the end of the 19th century, British viceroy Lord Curzon ordered a sweeping restoration project, which was completed in 1908.[ He also commissioned the large lamp in the interior chamber, modelled after one in a Cairo mosque. During this time the garden was remodelled with British-style lawns that are still in place today.

so the gardens and the fountains you see are not the same. the Britishers exploited all of them. it is said by some local residents that their ancestors said that Britishers used to sell stones embedded in the taj. so the beautiful taj mahal you see today is not the same as it used to be.

taj mahal engineerism


Concerns for the tomb’s structural integrity have recently been raised because of a decline in the groundwater level in the Yamuna river basin which is falling at a rate of around 1.5 m (5 ft) per year. In 2010, cracks appeared in parts of the tomb, and the minarets which surround the monument were showing signs of tilting, as the wooden foundation of the tomb may be rotting due to lack of water. It has been pointed out by politicians, however, that the minarets are designed to tilt slightly outwards to prevent them from crashing on top of the tomb in the event of an earthquake. In 2011, it was reported that some predictions indicated that the tomb could collapse within five years

Imagine after so much exploitation it looks so beautiful then what it would have been earlier. I Wonder!


A look this time at the Taj will keep you indulged with thoughts superimposing your sight and would make you feel the presence of Shah Jahan, the Maker and Mumtaz Mahal, the Reason, as though walking along with you. 

its breathtaking splendour makes you wonder breathlessly and you tend to pause for a while but to continue staring at ‘The Taj’, you would sense them standing beside you!

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This Post Has 2 Comments

  1. Varoon

    Was this written by a child? No proper references nor sources and broken English. Not a serious article just an opinion work.


      what are the flaws you found on this context kindly mention so that we can keep those in mind while writing our next content.

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